Kagumu Adventures is an educational travel operator striving to become a responsibly-run leader in the industry while inspiring clients and peers to engage in sustainable lifestyles.
Over the past few months, our team has worked to identify and measure carbon emissions related to educational experiences we provide in South America.
As well as giving clients the ability to see estimated carbon emissions from each educational trip or virtual experience, we have identified how we can lower our carbon emissions and where we need to offset by donating to certified green energy projects.
Kagumu's Climate Action Plan
Aim: to measure our carbon emissions from our operations and the achievable majority of our supply chain to identify ways we can reduce emissions over time, develop low-carbon activities, and inspire others to do the same.
Method: we followed the internationally-recognized GHG corporate standard, measuring our scope 1, 2* and scope 3* emissions. These include our internal and external emissions that occur due to our activities.
*Scope 1 are direct emissions from the activities of our company - fuel combustion on-site such as gas boilers, fleet vehicles and air-conditioning leaks.
**Scope 2 are indirect emissions from the electricity that we purchase for our own use on a day-to-day basis.
***Scope 3 emissions account for all emissions associated with the company’s value chain and that are not accounted for in scope 1 and 2.
What is it: an easily digestible declaration of emissions created by our company and our activities.
Before we began to measure, we outlined our commitment to the GHG guiding principles:
Carbon Labelling: What you will see
Step 1: Decide what we can measure
As our scope 1 and 2 emissions were pretty low, we knew it was essential to include as many scope 3 emissions as possible and justify why certain emissions were omitted. Remarkably, the scope 3 emissions from a company are still not required in calculations and many companies neglect this even though on average they account for approximately 79% of emissions. We believe this must change.
We decided to use the operational boundary approach meaning we include all activities under our operation in our calculations.
Step 2: Choose a base year
To create an inventory we needed to choose a base year that reflected a “normal” working year for us. This can then provide the basis against which we compare all future GHG emissions. We chose 2019 as this represented our operations on pre-pandemic levels when we were running trips around Latin America.
Step 3: Measuring our scope 1 and 2 emissions:
This was the easy part. To measure this we needed to identify all emissions (like gas) from facilities that we own or operate (offices, vehicles etc), as well as the emissions from purchased electricity.
Step 3: Measuring the emissions from our trips
Thanks to the almost exclusive all-inclusive trips we offer, we concluded that we could accurately measure the emissions from each trip or activity from 2019. To get a complete picture of the emissions, we collected data from the following activities:
Transport in the destination
Transport to and from the destination
To get the most accurate measurements we first looked to gain primary data from our suppliers and customers. If this wasn't available, secondary data, which is available through national and international research bodies, was used. The last resort was proxy data from similar activities undertaken by different companies.
It is also important to note that the emissions measured are not just from Carbon Dioxide. Indeed, to measure scope 3 emissions we needed to measure 7 different gases and then convert them into a CO2e (Carbon Dioxide equivalent) factor.
As you will notice with each measurement, we have included:
To measure the carbon emissions from transport, we first calculated the exact km of each journey and what mode of transportation we used. We then used the emissions factor of this mode of transport and multiplied it by total distance. This gave us the CO2e for each journey. If we were unable to match the exact type of vehicle with an emissions factor, we used a standard emissions factor.
Source - Transport_Tool_v2_6
Social impact: we will continue to work with 100% of local transport providers
To measure the CO2e emissions from accommodation we contacted each hotel, hostel or house owner to attain their scope 1 and scope 2 emissions (basically electricity and gas) and worked out the usage for our group relating to how many days we stayed there. If this information was not available we used an average emission factor for hotels in Colombia for this source - https://www.hotelfootprints.org/footprinting. We were then able to calculate an accurate CO2e factor for each person on each trip.
Many of our trips include eco-lodges and camping in the jungle or mountains. In this case, we contacted our partners to calculate their electricity and gas usage. In the case of camping, and when electricity was sourced with renewable energy like solar panels, we used 120g LPG (propane or butane) for the gas emissions per person per day. We then multiplied this by the appropriate emission factor.
Social impact: It is important to note accommodation can be a valuable source of income for many families and small business owners. We aim to work with 100% locally-owned hotels, hostels, lodges, especially those that support the local community and protect the surrounding environment. We also want to return to the pre-pandemic level of homestays (10%) across our trips by 2025.
Source - https://www.hotelfootprints.org/footprinting
We can measure the associated CO2e emissions from our food consumption by using an online calculator. https://myemissions.green/food-carbon-footprint-calculator/.
As we run all-inclusive trips, we can calculate the carbon emissions associated with the meals we offer. We can then use our average group dietary choices (vegan 10%, vegetarian 10% and meat eaters 80%) to work out the emissions from each trip. Note: we do not offer beef on any of our trips. Here is an example of what our clients eat on an average day in Colombia and associated CO2e emissions.
Coffee with milk - two servings
Eggs with tomatoes and onion - one serving
Toast with jam - one serving
Fruit juice - one serving
Fruit juice - one serving
Lentil soup (stock) with carrots
Grilled chicken - one serving
Fries - one serving
Salad (lettuce, tomato, onion, cabbage, beetroot)
Coffee - one serving
Fruit juice (pineapple)
Pork with BBQ sauce - one serving
Rice - one serving
Vegetables (carrots, potatoes, broccoli)
Dessert - fruit with ice cream
Medium Meat Eater - Average of 5.352kg
Vegetarian (the same but with a vegetable patty to replace the chicken and tofu to replace the pork) - Average of 3.975
Vegan (the same as vegetarian but we removed all non-vegan produce and increased the number of vegetables) - Average of 3.398
Our CO2e emissions are likely to be lower than the actual total as we source almost all of our food locally with limited packaging. However, until we discover a more accurate way to measure this, we will continue using this method. It is also worth noting that our measurements coincide very closely with the averages taken from this study in 2014 - Study Springer.
Did you know? The average plant-based meal has a carbon footprint of 1kg CO2e. That’s almost 4 times less than meals containing beef and lamb! From the very beginning, Kagumu has run a policy of offering zero beef and lamb.
We support responsible locals, projects and companies that are producing low-carbon impact produce and that have a positive impact on the community. Travel with us and you might visit organic farmer Don Carlos and his family-run restaurant in el Carmen de Viboral while on another trip you could be drinking coffee from Cafe Urbania - a social enterprise that supports displaced families and has a strong commitment to protecting native forests. Or you might just get the chance to eat at one of our favorite restaurants - Crepes and Waffles - a certified B Corporation that employs women head’s of households and supports farmers in Colombia.
Source - myemissions.green/food-carbon-footprint-calculator/
Final base year numbers
We have calculated that our 2019 emissions were:
Scope 1 (gas usage in offices) - 0.22 tonnes of CO2e
Scope 2 (electricity use in offices) - 1.17 tonnes of CO2e
Scope 3 (emissions from trips) - 147 tonnes of CO2e (including international flights)
Step 4: Set our goals
As part of our climate plan, we want to reduce per-person emissions over the coming years. This will, of course, rely on our local partners. While we hold out hope that airlines will become more carbon-friendly through biofuels, we will continue to develop itineraries with fewer flights and shorter haul journeys.
Step 5: Offset what we can't reduce
In the meantime, we are committed to offsetting our remaining emissions by donating to a certified company that works with carbon credits upon verification from a third party.
Luckily, we began with a mission to offset all our carbon emissions from the international flights you took to visit us, leaving the GHG emissions related to your trips in Colombia, Ecuador or Peru and, of course, our scope 1 and 2 emissions.
1. We also maintain our original commitments from the day we began by:
- Eating zero beef across the itineraries
- Using zero single-use plastic
- Working with 95%-100% local providers
- Donating at least 4% of our annual profits to community projects
2. We are part of a number of initiatives including a monthly subscription to Ecologi whereby we top up our carbon offsetting with monthly donations to green projects on the behalf of every employee we have.
Of course, we will continue in the same way and look to improve in the future and welcome any comments or suggestions. Contact our sustainable development officer Mala Henriques - firstname.lastname@example.org.
Inspirational field trips around South America that will enhance your students’ learning, connect them to new cultures and engage them to pressing global issues.
BY KAGUMU STAFF
STUDENT TRAVEL | 5-MINUTE READ
From learning about sustainable development in Colombia’s City of Eternal Spring, Medellin, to exploring environmental conservation in the Galapagos; check out these intercultural trips tailored to a variety of study areas.
Anthropology & Archeology in Santa Marta, Colombia
Colombia boasts an eclectic mix of cultures with over 80 different indigenous cultures still inhabiting the jungles, mountain ranges and grassland plains. One of the most intriguing and culturally diverse areas is La Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta - the highest coastal mountain range in the world. This awe-inspiring region transports students back to the Pre-Hispanic times, giving them access to archaeological ruins dating back to 800AD. In the city of Santa Marta, students discover ancient artifacts in the world-class Gold Museum and thanks to Kagumu’s local partnerships, take part in a unique weaving workshop and spiritual cleansing with the native Arhuaco community. The more adventurous groups trek four days through the jungle, crossing rivers and climbing mountain passageways to discover Ciudad Perdida - The Lost City. Check out the example trip itinerary by clicking here.
Environmental Science in the Galapagos, Ecuador
Few places offer students the chance to experience true environmental conservation and hands-on scientific experiences like the iconic Galapagos Islands. Thanks to Kagumu’s local alliances, students will help the local reforestation effort as well as joining experts in their giant tortoise restoration projects and beach clean ups. Visit the intriguing Charles Darwin Research Station and discover first-hand the essential animal conservation work of expert scientists. Students will of course explore some of the most remarkable islands on the archipelago, coming face to face with the native salt-spitting marine iguanas, witnessing the blue-footed boobies’ magical mating dance and snorkelling next to penguins and hammer-head sharks. Click here to view our trip.
International Business in Medellin, Colombia
Medellin has long since been labelled the innovative hub of South America, driving Colombia's recent economic surge past its heavyweight neighbours. Once a city blighted by a reputation of violence and insecurity, Medellin has transformed into a city boasting world-class incubating hubs, neighbourhoods transformed by community projects and a tech scene looking to impact society and the environment in a positive way. Indeed, Colombia’s second biggest city is aiming to become South America’s first eco city by expanding its urban cycling network and already impressive cable car and metro system. An expansion of interactive parks is planned to complement the burgeoning number of grassroots organizations that work with previously neglected communities through art, dance, music and graffiti. Students who travel to the City of Eternal Spring, will become inspired to step away from business as usual and use social enterprises as a way of doing good.
Global Health in Peru
Now more than ever before global health is on the agenda. The Covid-19 pandemic highlighted just how fragile some country’s health networks are and how important it is to allow low-income communities access to good and free health care. Students who join one of our programs in Peru will lend a helping hand by joining impactful local foundations and organizations to build the infrastructure for Mobile Clinics. Students will work alongside native and farming communities in developing the right solutions for the health problems they are facing and will witness first-hand the sustainable impact on the communities.
Travel & Tourism in Peru
Peru has long been touted as the number one country to visit in South America. Its breathtaking Andean landscapes coupled with a rich mix of ancient and modern cultures enthralls travelers from backpackers to families and from budget-savvy visitors to the high end market. However, now more than ever before it is essential for tourism to develop in a sustainable way; a way to limit the damage on the environment and increase the positive impact on society. Students will join our local partners, experts in sustainable travel, as they witness pioneering responsible travel, developing essential skills like community engagement, problem solving, cross-cultural communication and measuring social and environmental impact.
Geography in Los Nevados National Park, Colombia
Towering glacial peaks, valleys of alien-like vegetation and one of the tallest palm tree species in the world, Los Nevados truly lives up to its billing as the crown jewel of Colombia’s Andean regions. Located in the country’s coffee zone, this national park allures explorers to its wild trekking options as well as providing the ideal location for students to learn about unique flora and fauna, in particular the otherworldly paramos. These high-altitude ecosystems, most of which lie here in Colombia, supply 70% of the country’s water and scientists believe they hold the key to understanding and fighting climate change. Students joining this trip will also discover an award-winning bioconstruction project that is designed to offer net plus carbon living and of course discover how the world’s finest Arabica coffee beans are made. Check out our adaptable itinerary by clicking here.
Sustainable Development in Colombia
Did you know that Colombia told the world that sustainable development should be incorporated into global goals? Alas, the UN’s 17 Sustainable Development Goals and the Agenda 2030 were born. As well as this lightbulb moment, Colombia - the world’s second most biodiverse country on the planet - is home to a plethora of inspirational projects, movements and organizations, working towards the Global Goals. In Bogota, students visit Dejusticia, an NGO promoting Human Rights and one that inspired 25 youths to file the continent’s first lawsuit against Climate Change. In La Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, they can work with a foundation reforesting large swaths of deforested land and bringing economic diversity to the area. Meanwhile, in Medellin, we join local farmers, pioneering new agricultural practices to promote sustainable consumption.
Contact us today to develop your own itinerary.
Complete Spanish immersion, a burgeoning reputation for safety, and incredibly low travel expenses are just three reasons why Colombia is the perfect country for a student Spanish study trip.
BY KAGUMU STAFF
STUDENT TRAVEL | 4-MINUTE READ
1. Ultra friendly locals - Who doesn’t find it easier chatting with someone who has a huge smile on their face? Whose welcome includes a warm hug and a kiss on the cheek! Muah. Well, don’t just take our word for it; search the internet and you’ll come across testimonials of Colombian’s super friendly nature, their eagerness to welcome visitors to their country, and their open house policy (mi casa es su casa!). Not only will you find practicing your Spanish fun, you could also make friends for life.
2. The clearest accents in South America - Clear, natural, and easy to understand. Three ways Spanish learners often describe Colombian Spanish, especially in the Andean regions and major cities. Learning a new language is always tricky so help yourself improve quickly by learning with people who speak wonderfully clearly. No need to crane your neck, squint your eyes, trying to work out what someone is saying. Of course Colombia boasts a plethora of different accents too, so when looking for a linguistic challenge you can always head away from the big cities to discover rural dialects.
3. Cheaper than its Latin American counterparts - Colombia is ranked as the cheapest major nation in Latin America to visit. Travelers to Chile shell out a whopping $93 on average each day while Peru ($43.7) and Argentina ($37.2) push the purse stings too. Colombia, however, gives you much more bang for your buck with an average daily spend of just $25.39! This provides yet another major plus for students looking to keep their expenses down when booking their trip and when traveling around Colombia.
4. Spanish immersion - Give yourself the best opportunity to improve your language skills by immersing yourself completely into the Spanish language. This means, no English. In many countries, locals find it hard to resist correcting your Spanish with their own English. I mean, they want to practice too and who can blame them. However, study in Colombia and you’ll find the vast majority of locals speaking only Spanish. In fact, Colombia has the third lowest proficiency of English in Latin America making it ideal for total immersion.
5. Safer than ever before - It’s taken a long time but finally Colombia is being recognized as a safe country to visit. Indeed, in 2018 the US downgraded Colombia to a risk level of 2. This is the same as Belgium! While usual precautions should be taken, much like any country you would visit, visitors should have no fear when visiting Colombia, especially when using a reputable tour operator that knows the lay of the land. There is more good news too. For years foreigners avoided Colombia as they thought it was too risky. Great for students. Thanks to this, they will find a country still unspoilt from tourism. A country that maintains its fresh, adventurous vibe that takes students out of their comfort zone and offers them something new.
6. Growing international connections - Growing international connections - Over the past decade, Colombia has seen a boom in direct flight connections. In terms of the US, you can now find daily direct flights from Miami, Orlando, Fort Lauderdale, New York (JFK & Newark), Washington – Dulles, Houston, Atlanta and Toronto. Avianca, Colombia’s main airline, has daily direct flights from London, UK and Spain is linked with non stop flights from Madrid and Barcelona. You can fly from Germany, France and the Netherlands too with Frankfurt, Paris and Amsterdam enjoying direct links.
7. Language immersion tours growing - With the increasing visitor numbers, Colombia has kicked on in terms of language immersion tours and experiences. In the capital Bogotá, you can discover world-class street art through the eyes of a local - a great way to practice Spanish comprehension. In the country’s second biggest city, Medellin, you can come face to face with local flower makers, coffee cultivators and organic farmers, taking part in unique hands-on activities that will extend your vocabulary. A heady mix of cultures, Colombia boasts 87 different indigenous communities, allows you to experience vastly different ways of life and explore extraordinary archeological sites like the spellbinding Ciudad Perdida - the Lost City.
Students want to know exactly what to pack for an educational trip abroad. Here, we highlight the most ethical and responsible brands you can support while compiling your packing list.
By Kagumu Adventures Staff
STUDENT TRIP | 7-MINUTE READ
Before we look at some ethical brands, the first thing you need to ask yourself is, do I actually need to buy anything?
Remember the sustainable clothing consumption mantra: reduce, reuse, and recycle. And keep in mind that the most sustainable garment is the one you don’t buy, Here are a few tips to consider before you head to the shops.
1. Can I reuse any of my clothes? Before you quickly answer “no”, consider that using your old(ish) clothes will prevent the environmental strain of throwing it away or even recycling it. Also, you won’t have to buy anything new so you will be saving yourself money and saving the environment needless carbon emissions from producing and shipping the garment.
2. Can I mend any of my old clothes? What a great life skill. If you have a torn t-shirt or a pair of glasses with a scratch on the lens, look online for easy-to-follow repair videos. Here are a few to start with:
Click here to see how to repairing jeans and shirts by hand.
Click here to see how to removing scratches from sunglasses.
3. Can I reuse someone else’s clothes? Why not scour your sibling’s wardrobe or ask friends for a helping hand? Maybe your college or university has a recycled clothing scheme? If not, why not set one up? A trend that is really growing is the clothes swap.
Get a group of friends to bring clothes they don’t wear anymore and have an evening of fun while exchanging each other's clothes. Check out this website to know how to start a clothes swap.
If, after swapping, borrowing, repairing and reusing old clothes, you still need to hit the shops; we have compiled a list of great ethical and eco-friendly brands to look out for.
Summer student trips
Reformation (International) - this San Francisco-based company bills itself as sustainable from the outset. They choose fibers with the lowest environmental impact and highest positive social impact. When producing swimwear, they carefully measure: water input, energy input, land use, eco-toxicity, greenhouse gas emissions, human toxicity, availability and price. Website: thereformation.com.
Ruby Moon (UK & Europe) - Ruby Moon started in Brighton and now has HQs around Europe. This female-owned company focuses on women empowerment, giving their profits to female entrepreneurs in developing countries. They also use plastic found in the ocean to make many of their products. Website: rubymoon.org.uk.
Ama Saturday (US) - This black female owned company sells swim gear for all body colors, shapes and sizes. They also have a new range of face masks for the current pandemic. Website: amasaturday.com.
Sunski (International) - Another brand from California, Sunski focuses on a low-environmental impact brand with its commitment to carbon neutrality, recycled frames and zero-plastic packaging. They are also part of the 1% for the planet scheme - committing to donating 1% of their sales to environmental non-profits. Website: sunski.com.
Pala eyewear (UK & Europe) - Very much in the Toms mould, Pala eyewear donates to eye-care programs in Africa, working to help solve the lack of prescription glasses in including Burkina Faso, Zambia, Ghana, Sierra Leone and Ethiopia. They also utilize recycled plastic to make their sunglasses, use eco-friendly recyclable packaging and offset their carbon emissions from shipping. Website: palaeyewear.com.
Bohten Eyewear (International) - using reclaimed materials, Bohten Eyewear bills itself as sustainable with their unique designed glasses inspired by the landscapes found in Ghana. After appearing on Canada’s Dragon’s Den, owner Nana Boateng Osei made it his mission to create jobs in Ghana through local production. Website: bohten.com.
Ninety Percent (UK and some other countries) - This womenswear label takes sustainability seriously. It only manufactures its clothes in high-class factories in Bangladesh and Turkey and also uses organic or recycled materials in line with the Global Organic Textile Standard. Spoiler alert! Their name represents their commitment to giving 90 per cent of their profits to charitable causes. Website: ninetypercent.com.
Alternative Apparel (International) - While larger outlets have been found to be incredibly unethical and environmentally damaging in the way they operate, Alternative Apparel is different. This world-wide brand has developed a more eco-friendly production method by using recycled cotton, organic cotton, hemp-blend and has committed to using 100% recycled polyester by 2021. Website: alternativeapparel.com.
Summer footwear and sandals:
Toms (international) - We love this classic. For years Toms have been driven by their ethical company policies that include a donation of $1 for every $3 they make. As well as funding charities focused on equal opportunities and mental health, Toms have done their bit in the fight against Covid-19 by donating one third of their net profits to workers on the frontline. Website: toms.com.
Gumbies (International) - Born in the UK but inspired by Australia, Gumbies is dedicated to making eco-friendly flip-flops (or thongs) using a variety of materials like cork - a type of bark that is stripped from a tree that grows back over time. They also use recycled rubber, textile and plastic as well as natural algae foam and castor beans. Website: gumbies.com.
Wondering what to do with an old pair of flip flops? - Check out this YouTube video to see how you can easily repair them.
Winter student trips
Winter jackets and clothes
Patagonia (International) - Like Toms, Patagonia has expanded around the world while promoting a strong commitment to environmental sustainability. Patagonia donates 1% of its net profit to environmental non profits and offers funding for grassroots environmental conservation projects. It has also supported groups fighting against oil drilling to those suing the president of the United States. Website: patagonia.com/home.
Cotopaxi (International) - One telltale sign of a company's dedication to social and environmental sustainability is the B Corporation certificate. Cotopaxi gained this in 2015 thanks to its financial support of community development programs around the world. They also launched a skills-based volunteering initiative that leverages the time and talent of employees and responds to a clear need in the community. Website: cotopaxi.com.
Nae vegan shoes (International) - born in Portugal, this footwear brand is dedicated to using materials that are natural and sustainable in production. These range from recycled plastic bottles to organic cotton and from cork to pineapple leaf fibres. They also promise to donate $5 for every boot sold to animal conservation projects. Website: Nae.
Vivo barefoot (International) - This company has a range of outdoor footwear products for students that are mainly made with eco-friendly materials. Their transparency is to be admired as you can see from their website. Some highlights of their sustainable practices are: 141k pairs of footwear made with recycled PET, 100% of employees engaged in their sustainable practices and 242k pairs of shoes made with animal-free products. Website: Vivo barefoot.
Click here to get your responsible traveller checklist
Ethical brands: Apps and Websites
Good on you - The Good on you website and app rates international brands in line with their social and environmental sustainability. If you have a favorite brand or want to know about a new one, simply search in Good on you for a reliable rating.
The Good Trade - The Good Trade is a leading online resource for sustainability. Check out their website for more information on ethical clothing brands among many other themes. Website: thegoodtrade.com.
Thredup - Thredup has outlined the top eco and ethical brands for 2020 many of whom are well-known high-street retailers that have specific eco-friendly lines. It is also the world's largest online second-hand destination.
PETA - Many clothing brands have committed to a production method excluding any animal interference whatsoever. PETA gives a great list of vegan-friendly clothing brands that have been researched and given the green thumbs up.
Colombia will become the world’s first country to implement a biosecurity safety stamp for tourism in line with the World Tourism Organization (WTO). We look at what this means for the travel industry in Colombia.
By Simon Willis
BIOSECURITY | 5-MINUTE READ
While some parts of the world are tentatively opening up borders to salvage the tourism industry hit by the Covid-19 pandemic, Colombia is pioneering a new biosecurity stamp, aimed at giving local companies the knowledge and skills to implement protocols to create a safe environment for travel. The project also aims to give people the confidence to travel Colombia, knowing that their visit has been put through strict biosecurity protocols.
On Wednesday, 10th June, Colombia’s Ministry of Tourism ran an online training webinar, describing how this Latin American country planned to implement these measures.
Here's what you need to know:
Colombia has identified two avenues for companies to follow so that people can once again travel to and around the country in a safe and secure manner.
Let’s start with the implementation of biosecurity protocols.
This is obligatory for companies and personnel working in tourism in Colombia. You are required to implement into your company, organization or personal in tourism two sets of safety protocols:
These protocols cover general biosecurity measures that many people will be familiar with and are currently using - face masks, social distancing, working from home when you can etc. However, article 666 details the exact measures companies need to implement to operate in travel. Here is a brief overview of what you will find in the document:
Specific protocols for different sectors within the industry
If you work in tourism you are also required to adhere to the specific protocols that relate to your sector. There sectors are divied as follows:
More specific sectors that could in the future include security measure of their own are:
You can view all the specific protocols for different sectors by clicking on this website - http://colombiasigueadelante.mincit.gov.co/.
Every company or person working in the tourism industry is obliged to implement these measures until the emergency sanitation period ends. Currently this is scheduled for August 31, however, an extension is possible depending on how well Colombia is slowing the spread of the coronavirus.
Companies don't have to pay anything to implement these practices, however, it may be worth seeking expert consultancy on this subject. Kagumu Adventures is currently working with an expert consultant who will ensure all biosecurity safety protocols are in place.
Biosecurity safety stamp
The second part of the reactivation process is the biosecurity "check in stamp." Companies wishing to get a seal of approval have to comply with all the necessary safety requirements stated in article 666.
It is important to note that this is not obligatory and companies can still run their tourism operation without the stamp.
Read here how Colombia will be the world’s first country to offer this stamp through the World Tourism Organization (WTO)
Colombia's Ministry of Tourism believes that companies who get the stamp will increase awareness of the issue, earn the confidence of travelers and gain a competitive advantage.
Anyone legally registered to work in tourism in Colombia can apply for this stamp. The process will rely on the general and sector-specific protocols that you have followed from article 666.
Once all the protocols are in place, you have to send off your application via the mini portal - and it will be assessed by ONAC - the National Accreditation Organization.
Important points to consider are:
Extra notes for travel agencies in Colombia
While safety protocols apply to you and your staff and any buildings or transport you may have, it is important to ensure all the providers you work with have complied with the biosecurity measures. You should also assess each part of your trip for potential bio risks and mitigate these risks where necessary.
For information on accrediting your company with the stamp, visit Organismo Nacional de Acreditación de Colombia.
For more information and videos about how you can implement biosecurity measures, click on this Facebook page - https://www.facebook.com/sdeconomicoarmenia
Click here to visit Colombia's Ministry of Tourism webpage.
Click here to download the coronavirus app in Colombia
The Covid pandemic has taught us that we need to change the way we travel. As travelers and students demand more conscious trips that drastically limit damage on the planet, we offer some expert tips on how to travel more environmentally sustainably, starting with how to plan your next educational trip.
By Kagumu Adventures Staff
STUDY TRIPS | 6-minute read
Choose a responsible local operator
The easiest way to limit your environmental damage while traveling is to choose a responsible travel operator. Many operators offer carbon neutral travel, taking into account the CO2 emissions from your flights, transport and trip as a whole. While aviation environmental impact usually bears the brunt of criticism, it's other lesser-known carbon emitters that can have a huge negative impact - starting with how you consume and the services you use.
All the products you buy or eat, or the services you use during your trip, just like when you are at home, have an environmental footprint. It's often difficult to know the most eco-friendly services - restaurants, hotels, means of transport - when visiting a new country, so working with a conscious and experienced local operator is a must. Tip: request information on the internal operations of a company to assess its commitment to environmental sustainability.
One of the easiest ways to offset your flight's environmental damage is to calculate the tonnes of CO2 emitted then donate the equivalent amount to a certified reforestation or clean energy project. For example, if you have a return flight in economy class from London to Medellin with a stopover in Bogota, simply enter your details in South Pole's calculator. You will see that for one person the amount of carbon emitted is 3.159 tonnes. You can then go to Stand For Trees and choose a project to donate 3.159 tonnes of carbon credit. This will pay for the organization to remove the same amount of carbon from the atmosphere through one of its projects.
These conservation and protection projects are certified by Stand for Trees and can include protecting habitats for birds in Guatemala and reforestation projects in the Brazilian Amazon. You will then receive a certificate, showing how much you have donated. Of course, a responsible travel operator should include this in your package but we recommend supplementing this to ensure that you overcompensate for CO2 emissions. Tip: involve students in this process, encouraging them to calculate and donate to these projects themselves,
Choosing a destination close to home
One of the easiest ways to reduce the impact on the environment is to choose a destination to a neighboring country. Of course, choosing a destination within your own country and negating the need to fly, would further reduce carbon emissions. This brings forward the travel conundrum - do the benefits of travel outweigh the inevitable environmental damage? The only way to truly know this is to outline and measure, to the best of your ability, the positive impacts of the trip vs the negative environmental impacts. Tip: draw up a theory of change to determine what you want your students to gain from the trip and whether travel is required for this desired change.
Choosing the right airline
The way airlines operate can severely affect their performance in terms of carbon emissions. But how do you know which ones are environmentally conscious? Alternative Airlines, a search engine for international flights, gives you essential information on more eco-friendly airlines. You'll discover that Delta is investing heavily in their carbon offsetting and has committed to removing all plastic from their planes. And, in 2019 Etihad Airways powered a commercial flight using a mix of jet and biofuel - material used from the Salicornia plant.
Also, look out for those airlines that have signed up for the CORSIA (Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation) agreement. This obliges airlines to report their carbon emissions and offset any increase in their carbon emissions from 2020. Tip: try to get a non-stop flight as this will lower the carbon emissions produced from landing, taxing around another airport and then taking off again.
Eco-friendly internet searching
Did you know you can help with the global reforestation effort by just choosing the way you search on the internet? Ecosia uses the profits generated by you using its search engine to plant trees across the world. In fact, they claim that for approximately every 45 searches you make, they plant 1 tree. Their internal carbon footprint is incredibly low too as they run on 100 percent renewable energy. Check out their excellent blog on international environmental issues and tips. Tip: encourage your university to add Ecosia to its network, in turn joining others from around the world as seen here on their on Campus Campaign.
One of the easiest ways to lower carbon emissions is to eat and buy from responsible local suppliers and manage your food waste. This UN Food and Agriculture Organization report says that if food waste were a country it would be the third highest emitter of greenhouse gases in the world. Keeping this to a minimum will not only lower your carbon footprint during the trip but also set a great example to your students. Tip: enquire about your hotel’s food waste management process or ask your local operator for information on this subject. Check out Kagumu's blog post from a expert responsible consumption officer on how to lower your carbon footprint through food choices.
Choose eco-friendly accommodation
Again, this is something a great local operator should help you with. But if you are booking accommodation yourself, the best way to ensure eco-friendly stays is to look for international certifications. These will prove your host has gone through rigorous assessments to certify its environmental and social commitments. Look out for: Rainforest Alliance, B Corporation, Green Globe and Green Key. Alternatively, you could contact the local tourism board to inquire about the most eco-conscious hotels. Top tip: book a hotel with Trip Zero and they will automatically offset your carbon emissions of your trip for FREE.
Reduce water waste
We have known that plastic is bad for the environment. In fact, glass, tins and any container that have to be made and then destroyed or recycled has a big impact on the environment. To solve this, insist that students bring their own refillable water bottle to either fill up from a clean water supply. An environmentally-conscious operator should supply drinking water throughout the trip in order to drastically reduce carbon emissions from unnecessary drink purchases. Tip: to really minimize the environmental damage, choose a responsibly made bottle like the US-based brand - Nalgene or Liberty Bottles - both of whom are BPA free and use ethically-sourced materials to make their bottles.
Over 300 families, sustaining one of Colombia’s most iconic visitor sites, teeter on the edge of a humanitarian crisis, resulting in a call from an international NGO for immediate donations.
By Kagumu Adventures Staff
LOST CITY | 4-MINUTE READ
Three months ago the novel coronavirus pandemic caused the indefinite closure of Ciudad Perdida (the Lost City), leaving indigenous and farming communities without income revenues and in critical need of food and medical care.
Thanks to a collective effort, spearheaded by the Global Heritage Fund (GHF), essential supplies and Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) will be delivered in June and the NGO will use further funds to ramp up its program of bringing economic sustainability to the area.
Colombia’s iconic archaeological site (click here for virtual Lost City trip)
Ciudad Perdida has for the past decade or so been labelled the “new Machu Picchu” with adventure travellers trekking the La Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta mountain range, eventually reaching a jungle-shrouded archaeological site that dates back to 700 CE.
Those tackling the 4-day hike encounter towering sage-green mountains peaks, rivers flowing past their waist as they cross, and gushing waterfalls - perfect for a cool down after an 8-hour day of walking.
In February 2020, the trail welcomed hundreds of travellers each day and was once again on course to reach annual visitors numbers of 25,000. Although the stats pale in comparison to those of Peru’s famous archaeological site, the income was enough to offer a living to hundreds of indigenous and farming families.
Each day, farmers sold slices of watermelons and freshly squeezed orange juice to sweat-soaked travelers. Native guides led groups along the trail, teaching visitors about their remarkable traditions and beliefs. And local families would earn money from those who stayed overnight in their jungle camps.
Now, this region, which lies a 3hr car journey from the nearest city Santa Marta, is deserted. The main road has been closed since the Covid-19 pandemic took hold in mid-March. And, government help has been almost nonexistent. In all, the situation is drastic, causing farmers once again to turn to environmentally destructive practices to survive.
“Tourism provided an alternate form of income that did not rely on clearing more agricultural land or pasture for grazing cattle,” said Santiago Giraldo Peláez, a prominent archaeologist in the area and director of ProSierra Foundation.
“As such, indigenous and campesino (farming) farmers must now clear and prepare additional land to eke out a living for their families. Hunting has also increased as people seek to put food on the table.”
Giraldo has been involved with the Global Heritage Fund since 2008, investigating and putting into action ways to preserve the archeological site, known as Teyuna, while also engaging local indigenous communities in the site's protection program.
Giraldo supervised the delivery of food and health equipment to over 300 vulnerable families in the area and will continue to play a major part in an ongoing effort between GHF, ProSierra, and Environomica (a nature conservation NGO) to bring long term sustainability to the area.
"We have designed, and continue designing, medium and long term projects aimed at economic diversification, including agroforestry and organic cotton in the area," Girlado said.
"All participating organizations continue to be invested in improving livelihoods for farmers and indigenous families living in the northern and western slopes of the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta,"
Funding for the two-phase project, however, is still needed, leading GHF to send out an appeal to the general public.
The aim is to raise $100,000 by June 17 with the most immediate needs for food and health kits addressed through initial funding. The impact of donations has been detailed below:
$70 — Feed a family for 1 month
$250 — Supply a PPE kit to 15 families
$560 — Feed 4 families for 2 months
$1,000 — Supply a PPE kit to 57 families
Through continuing work, the Global Heritage Fund and its partners recognizes the importance of Colombia’s Lost City as an irreplaceable archaeological site and one that must be preserved.
And while donations will help solve the immediate food and health care equipment shortages, their structured plan will play an essential part in sustaining this sacred region and its communities well into the future.
Check out 9 essential tips for keeping costs down when organizing your next educational trip for your students.
By Kagumu Staff
STUDENT TRAVEL | 4-MINUTE READ
Choose your destination carefully
This may seem obvious but the cost of a trip will depend heavily on the destination you want to visit. Look for upcoming destinations that fall away from the main tourist track. These destinations will not only give your students a less touristy experience but you will doubtless get more bang for your buck. You have all heard of the term: tourist prices haven’t you? Well, this can double or even treble your overall costs.
Decide on the best time of year
if possible choose to travel outside of peak vacation times. In South America, for example, try to avoid Easter (semana santa) and the main vacation period from mid-December to mid-January. Prices will inflate during these peak weeks, adding to your costs or increasing travel operator prices. If in doubt, ask a local operator what time of year is best to travel
Book your flights wisely
If you are booking your own flights, check these tips out before you do:
If you are using a travel agent, make sure you book in advance and ask them for quotes for different days. You will be surprised how much the cost of a flight changes from one day to the next. Don’t be afraid of negotiating too. Even airlines are able to offer discounts!
Use a reliable local operator
it may sound counterintuitive to pay an operator to organize your trip. I mean, you can book everything yourself, right? Well, local operators are experts in their area. They will save you time and money and you’ll end up with a cheaper trip than if you organized it yourself. Here’s why:
The more students you can gather for the trip, the better. Local operators should offer group discounts as their costs will be reduced when more students join a trip. Kagumu offers discounts for groups of 10, 15, 20 plus students
Plan in advance
This may seem obvious but planning in advance will save you a lot of money. Firstly, local operators will be glad to organize a trip months, maybe even a year in advance as this gives them time to arrange discounts and book early and thus avoiding any inflated prices. Arranging a trip in advance will also give you the chance to find a good deal on flights.
Many colleges and universities already incorporate fundraising into their travel programs. This gives students a great opportunity of feeling the worth of their trip by contributing to the costs. It will also give them good fundraising skills that may be useful in the future. Encourage your students to have fun and creative with this. In the past we have seen students run around their town centre in a bear outfit, host a dance marathon and get family members to do facebook karaoke.
Be cheeky and ask for discounts
Don’t hesitate to ask your local operator for discounts and money-saving offers. In the past Kagumu Adventures has given early-bird discounts for colleges and universities that have booked well in advance. We have also offered discounts for large groups as stated above and we offer discounts for colleges and universities that return the following year. Kagumu also offers free faculty member places for groups of 10 and above. Remember, if you don’t ask, you don’t get.
The world’s second most biodiverse country is just waiting to utilize its spellbinding nature and varied landscapes to satisfy an expected new travel demand when restrictions are lifted.
By Simon Willis
The message remains clear: Tourism in Colombia is paused until further notice. This, however, has not stopped optimism growing inside the country about a positive rebound from the industry.
Like any proactive country, Colombia is setting out a detailed plan of action to reignite the tourism industry while identifying Colombia’s megadiversity as key to getting this vital sector back to where it was in early 2020.
Indeed, it was in February 2020 that Colombia president Ivan Duque proudly stood in front of a room full of the continent's most influential players in the industry, praising a tourism boom in the country. The Colombian Association of Travel Agents and Tour Operators (ANATO) conference attendees listen on as Duque declared a record 4.5 million foreign arrivals to Colombia in 2019 and hopes of a growth to 6 million for 2020.
Since Duque’s speech, the country has closed all its international borders, isolated its regions, and locked down its cities as it continues to quell the spread of Covid-19. The 3.8 percent of the GDP that was to come from tourism practically vanished overnight.
Collective action during the Covid crisis
The impact has been felt all over with hotels, restaurants, cafes, shops, private transport, airlines, all closed for business. Guides have been left without income, except those viable for the government’s three-month payment scheme, and informal workers, like those selling street food and souvenirs, out of work.
Looking forward is the country’s innovative tourism board. With a new series of free webinars and online videos for travel companies and an ongoing roadmap for the future, ProColombia is adopting a collective response to turning the tourism tide.
In an interview with Kagumu Adventures, Stephany Romero Sanchez, ProColombia’s Senior Advisor from Innovation, says they are carefully optimistic about the future though measures need to be put in place before tourism, domestic or international, can start again.
“Enhanced security and biosecurity is needed to protect the virus from spreading,” she said.
“We are obviously not health experts so we are working with the government and the ministry of health to build up some safety protocols for the future. Our plan is to get back to normality, but this will be gradual.”
ProColombia is working on a plan de acción (an action plan) to reactivate tourism in Colombia.
Flavia Santoro, president of ProColombia, told local press: “We are drawing up a roadmap to focus our efforts with the following priorities: adapting to change, facilitating air connectivity and recovering the confidence of the international traveler towards our destinations.”
Despite not being able to put a firm date on when tourism will reopen in Colombia, Sanchez pointed to a phase-by-phase reopening process, looking something like this:
As well as the advice and guidance for local travel companies on how to adapt to the changing tourism landscape, ProColombia is encouraging agencies and operators to promote a type of travel to help people recover from the months of isolation, house quarantines and social distancing.
Prepare, therefore, for a wellness travel boom.
“People have been inside for a long time and will look to feel fresh air and nature. We believe that wellness trips will be in high demand by travelers as well as a need for human to human contact, which is really lacking at the minute,” she said.
Wellness travel - a type of travel aimed at improving a person's wellbeing - was already on the rise, even before the coronavirus spread around the world.
From 2015 to 2017 this market sector grew from $563bn to $639bn, or 6.5% annually – more than twice as fast as the growth of tourism overall.
Read BBC's article on the wellness travel trend
Now, with much of the world emerging from months of quarantine in some form or another, Sanchez believes the demand will be a huge plus for Colombia.
As the world’s second most biodiverse country on earth, Colombia boasts a huge variety of landscapes from Caribbean beaches and Pacific coasts to deserts, grassland plains and jungles. It’s tropical climate is also a huge draw as is an abundance of wildlife, including an incredible array of bird species.
Did you know that Colombia has the most amount of hummingbird species in the world?
“Another major draw for travelers will be the strong image we have built from how we have handled the pandemic,” Sanchez added.
As of May 18, Colombia had officially declared 574 deaths caused from the novel coronavirus virus. A much smaller number compared to South American counterparts Brazil (16,370), Peru (2,648), Ecuador (2,736).
The relatively low numbers have been the result of strict lockdown measures that have been in place since mid March. ProColombia is eager to emphasize the point of a gradual opening of the industry with wholesale safety measures in place before this can happen.
“Companies will need to have robust biosecurity measures to make sure that everyone is safe.”
“They will need to take into account every moment of where social distancing is needed. You have to show that you can protect your team and protect the travellers that come.”
For now, as Sanchez was keen to emphasize, “the country is on a pause.” However, travelers, travel companies, Colombians and anyone involved in this sector can take huge belief and optimism that Colombia is planning a bright future for this irreplaceable industry.
Contact the Kagumu team today to discover a wide range of wellness activities in Colombia.
Are you thinking about trekking to the Lost City - Colombia’s most famous archaeological site, embedded into the Caribbean jungle? Before you go; here are some tips from a guide that has been walking the trail for the past six years.
By Marco Pollone
LOST CITY | 4-MINUTE READ
Few people know the Lost City trek better than Marco Pollone. Having walked the trail over 200 times, leading travelers from all over the world, Kagumu’s main tour leader gives you his top tips for making the most of your journey to the Lost City.
How to get to the Lost City
Daily treks begin every morning (expect for September, when the site is closed) from the centre of Santa Marta. You can drop into one local tour operators’ offices in the centre of the city to join a trip. If you would like to be more prepared, you can choose from one of these pre-planned Lost City trips.
The ride from the city to the start of the trek is about 2.5 hours in a 4x4 truck. You travel along a coastal road that connects Santa Marta with Venezuela and then swerve up a bumpy off-road track to reach the first village called Machete Pelao.
After lunch and a quick briefing, you start the trek.
A lot of people ask me what the trek looks like. Just imagine: a mix of ups and downs, humid forests with low-hanging vines, baking sun, downpours, rivers (that you cross) waterfalls (that you shower under), and natural pools (that you swim in).
Packing is never easy. It’s even more difficult when you know you will be carrying the weight on your shoulders for 4 days! That’s why it is essential to follow this Lost City trek packing list.
Believe me, having patience and packing as light as possible are the keys for success on the Lost City trek.
Length of the trek
Hiking between four and eight hours every day is not always easy. However, you just have to stop and admire the beautiful, wild place and realise how rewarding it is. I mean I have been over 200 times and can’t wait to go back again.
Oh and, don’t be fooled by the distance from a map – 46.6 km there and back as the crow flies is really about 50 km overall.
Climate and Elevation
Weather on the Lost City trek is unpredictable. Rainy season usually starts around June and ends at the beginning of December.
Temperature depends on elevation; the higher you go, the colder it gets. During the day, the air will get to around 30 degrees Celsius, dropping to 15 at the highest point at night. Thermal excursion may make you feel chilly – this is where the long trousers and a long-sleeved shirt come in handy!
In terms of elevation, the trek starts at 150 meters above sea level and reaches 1200 meters. The highest point is actually Ciudad Perdida, the Lost City itself.
Best time of year to visit the Lost City
The trek is open all year long, with the only exception of September. The trail is closed during this month for members of native tribes – Kogui, Wiwa, Arhuaco and Kankwamo – to take part in spiritual cleaning rituals in the ancient site.
Rainy season lasts from June through the beginning of December while August is the peak time for European travelers. Easter, December, and January are popular dates for South American travelers.
February or April/May is much dryer with fewer travelers.
Type of accommodation on the trek
After a day trekking, you spend the evening in campsites. These have a kitchen, showers (no hot water), toilets and you will sleep in a bed or a hammock – don’t worry; I will show you how to sleep well in a hammock.
You will arrive at the camps in time for dinner and, usually in time for a swim in the rivers and/or under waterfalls. This is a real highlight for many travelers.
There will be a small shop to buy snacks and a beer or two and we will eat each dinner in the camp.
Each bed or hammock will have a mosquito net and a blanket and you will be able to recharge batteries for your camera or cellphone too.
Even though there’s no signal, all campsites are connected by radios and Wi-Fi, which is used in case of emergency.
After dinner, our native guide from the Wiwa community will tell us about their culture that has barely changed for centuries and a few weird stories too.
Lost City trek operators
All Lost City trek operators are local companies based in Santa Marta. International operators like Kagumu Adventures works with the most socially and environmentally responsible company.
When you look at reviews all over the internet, on TripAdvisor or Colombian reddit, you may find posts like: “I went to the Lost City with G Adventures” or “I did the Lost City trek with Intrepid”. It’s not completely false… but it’s not true either: companies usually hire a local operator and send one of their local leaders too.
Kagumu Adventures operates in a similar way, except the tour leader is me. I live in Santa Marta and have spent the last six years guiding groups on the Lost City trail. I’d like to think I know a lot about the route, the history, the stories and the culture and I share this with you along with our and supporting a local native guide from the Wiwa community.